Triazolam is a drug that induces sleep and is used in the treatment of insomnia. Insomnia is an umbrella term for problems related to inability to sleep (sleep deprivation). Insomnia may be characterized by difficulty in falling asleep, frequently waking up, early awakening, etc.
The drug is a benzodiazepine, which works as a sedative. It is an anticonvulsant and also a muscle relaxant. It is a good medication to fix short-term insomnia, which may be caused due to jet-lag. The recommended dosage is 0.125 to 0.25 mg, but it would be better to check with your doctor whether you should consume this medicine and how much of it is good for you. Several side effects are associated with the consumption of this drug, which is why it should be taken only under medical supervision.
One of the disturbing side effects of regular consumption is the appearance of withdrawal symptoms, which occurs when the medication is stopped abruptly. Discontinuation of this medicine after a few days, might result in rebound insomnia or rebound anxiety. In such cases, the person might develop a stronger case of insomnia, as he/she might have become dependent on it.
It is a profoundly strong sedative, which is why it can cause most of the side effects that are associated with sedatives. Its consumption may lead to confusion and amnesia the next morning. It may also lead to drowsiness, the next day. Hence, it is not recommended for people who work with heavy machinery. It may lead to the 'hangover' effect the next morning, causing slowed cognitive functions and residual impairment.
Other more disturbing effects may also develop due to hypnotic drug dependence. The drug is generally not prescribed for more than ten days, as it may lead to a plethora of withdrawal symptoms. Sudden stoppage may lead to conditions like paranoia, distress, extreme anxiety, panic attacks, and at times, depression. Withdrawal symptoms also include auditory hallucinations, where a person feels like he is hearing something in the absence of any sound. Visual cognitive disorder may also develop in certain cases. It may also cause birth defects, and it's classified by the FDA under Pregnancy Category X.
People may also develop an allergic reaction after consumption of this drug, which may include vomiting, nausea, itching, difficulty in breathing, and hives. Hence, it's better to check with your doctor who knows your medical history. People affected by asthma, bronchitis, glaucoma, kidney disease, or liver disease should consult with a doctor, before taking such a strong drug. It is also not recommended for people with a history of addictions such as drug and alcohol, as they could become dependent on such substances easily.
There is no doubt that it is a very effective medication for insomnia, but proper care must be taken while consuming this medicine. Also, it is a controlled substance. Pregnant women, as well as breastfeeding mothers should not consume this drug.
Disclaimer: This article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.