The loud breathing sounds of the upper airway, caused due to disruption of the breathing rhythm during sleep is called snoring.
When you sleep, the muscles of nose and pharynx enter a relaxed state. The soft tissues in the back of throat tend to vibrate while breathing. The uvula, tonsils, and palate tend to flap around each other due to obstructed airflow through the narrow gap between nose and pharynx. This leads to production of a loud sound, and the condition is termed snoring.
When the pharynx is obstructed due to a variety of reasons, it leads to vibration of soft tissues. This can occur due to excessive fat tissue under the pharyngeal mucosa, as well as tonsillitis, hypertrophy, etc.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Here, a person suffers from interrupted breathing due to narrowing of the upper airways, during sleep. The transient pause in breathing rouses the person from sleep, and causes a disturbance in the normal sleeping pattern. This sleep disorder is characterized by snoring, snorting and grasping sounds, and is more common in obese individuals.
The transient pause in breathing rouses the person from sleep, and causes a disturbance in the normal sleeping pattern. This sleep disorder is characterized by snoring, snorting and grasping sounds, and is more common in obese individuals.
The fat tissues around the neck, press the airways during sleep. This causes air obstruction and vibration of the soft tissues causing the person to snore.
Other causes may include stress, high blood pressure, hormonal problems, aging, etc. It is therefore, a good idea to get yourself examined by a doctor, and find out if you are suffering from any such health problems.
The precise treatment depends on the underlying cause, and it is best to visit a physician to investigate the same. Conditions like sleep apnea and pharynx obstruction may lead to serious health issues, if not treated early.
Disclaimer: This is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice.